WASHINGTON — The Trump administration plans to soon issue licenses allowing some American companies to supply nonsensitive goods to the Chinese telecom giant Huawei, according to people familiar with the matter, a step that could cool tensions between the United States and China as trade talks resume this week.
In a meeting last week, President Trump gave the green light to begin approving the licenses, which will allow a select few American companies to bypass a ban his administration placed on Huawei this year.
In May, the Trump administration placed Huawei and dozens of its affiliates on the entity list, citing national security concerns. That move blocked Huawei from buying parts and obtaining technology updates from companies like Google and Micron without seeking approval from the United States government.
The ban has not technically gone into effect. The administration issued a temporary reprieve to allow Huawei’s suppliers and users of its products more time to find alternate arrangements. But the designation has been a significant source of tension between the United States and China, which considers Huawei central to its ambitions for building the next generation of wireless networks, known as 5G.
The Trump administration originally said that it would approve licenses to continue selling to Huawei after Mr. Trump met with President Xi Jinping of China in Osaka, Japan, in June. But no licenses have since been issued, raising speculation that the administration was withholding them as leverage in trade talks.
A spokesman from the Commerce Department, which is responsible for the licenses, said in an email that “as of right this moment, the status quo holds.”
The administration’s decision to allow licenses could help smooth the path to a trade deal. Negotiators from the United States and China are meeting in Washington this week for their 13th round of trade talks and officials are trying to agree on terms that would address Mr. Trump’s criticisms of China’s economic practices but still be acceptable to Beijing.
Mr. Trump has threatened to raise tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese goods this month and to impose another slew of tariffs in December if Beijing does not agree to concessions that Washington has been demanding. But some in the Trump administration have been eager to avoid further tariff increases and are pushing for a more limited agreement, which would end a trade war that has dragged on for more than a year.
It is not clear whether the president would agree to a limited pact or whether such a deal can be struck. China has continued to resist many of the administration’s demands to make more transformative changes to the way it runs its economy. The two countries have been on the cusp of an agreement before, only to have the arrangement fall apart.
Approving licenses that allow American companies to supply so-called general merchandise to Huawei is likely to be seen as a gesture of good will, though its practical effects may be limited. Despite the ban, many American companies have continued supplying goods to Huawei by finding ways to avoid labeling goods as American-made and channeling more goods produced outside the United States to the company.
In an earnings call in June, the chief executive of the American chip maker Micron, Sanjay Mehrotra, said the company had briefly stopped shipments to Huawei, but then resumed sales after Micron reviewed the entity list rules and “determined that we could lawfully resume” shipping a subset of products.